Population information

Nom ordre Charadriiformes
Nom famille Laridae
Nom scientifique Sterna hirundo Nom courant Common Tern
Nom population hirundo, Northern & Eastern Europe (bre)
Aire de reproduction S, W Europe Aire de non-reproduction West African seaboard
Catégorie de la Liste Rouge Least Concern
Regions Ramsar Africa Asia Europe
Notes

Réseau de conservation

Réseau de conservation Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Taille de population

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 0 0 460,000 820,000 No quality assessment [R579]
WPE 4 1990 2000 630,000 1,500,000 No quality assessment [S2572] [R63]
WPE 1 0 0 600,000 600,000 No quality assessment [R414]
WPE 2 0 0 600,000 600,000 No quality assessment [R414]
WPE 5 2009 2009 640,000 1,500,000 Expert opinion [R837] [R878]
AEWA CSR 4 2000 2000 630,000 1,500,000 Expert opinion
AEWA CSR 5 2009 2009 640,000 1,500,000 Expert opinion [R837] [R878]
AEWA CSR 6 1990 2013 640,000 1,500,000 Expert opinion [S8441] [R1362] [R1361] [R1502]
AEWA CSR 7 1990 2013 760,000 1,600,000 Expert opinion [S8988] [R1549] [R1502]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1980 1998 STA No quality assessment [R602]
WPE 4 1980 1998 STA No quality assessment [R602]
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R602]
AEWA CSR 4 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R602]
AEWA CSR 5 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R602]
AEWA CSR 6 2000 2012 STA Reasonable [T6438]
AEWA CSR 7 2000 2012 INC Reasonable [T7210] [R1549]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 2002 6400
WPE 4 2006 11000
WPE 1 1994 6000
WPE 2 1997 6000
WPE 5 2012 9800
AEWA CSR 4 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 5 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 6 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 7 2018 11000

References

  • R579 - Scott, D.A. in press, 2002. Report on the Conservation Status of Migratory Waterbirds in the Agreement Area. Update Report to African Eurasian Migratory Waterbird Agreement Secretariat
  • R602 - Snow, D.W. and Perrins, C.M. (1998). The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Concise Edition. Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York. 1008 pp.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R414 - Lloyd, C., Tasker, M.L. and Partridge, K. 1991. The status of seabirds in Britain and Ireland. T. and A.D. Poyser, London, U.K. 355 pp.
  • R837 - Ledlie M and Derand GD 2010. Seabird news from Cousin. Seychelles Seabird Newsletter 6: 2-3.
  • R878 - Johannes Wahl in litt. 2008.
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1502 - Habib, M. in litt. 2014
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1625 - BirdLife International (in prep) European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.

Notes

  • S2572 - BirdLife International (2004b) estimate from relevant countries 211,051-497,671 pairs (633,153-1,493,013 individuals).
  • S8441 - 240,437-488,170 pairs in NO, SE, FI, EE, LT, LV, PL, DK, CZ, SK, AT, HU, SI, RO, BG, GR, UA, TR, RU and CY (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Further 1,000-1,800 pairs in HR, RS, ME, MK, AL, MD (BirdLife International, 2004). 270 pairs at Port Said, Egypt (Habib in litt. 2014). This yields an estimate of 724,000-1,464,000 individuals, which falls roughly within the limits of the former estimate.
  • T6438 - 2000-2012: 0.9763-1.0382, 1980-2012: 0.9914-1.0127 (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).
  • S8988 - 255,313-527,836 pairs in NO, SE, FI, EE, LT, LV, PL, DK, CZ, SK, AT, HU, SI, RO, BG, GR, UA, TR, RU and CY (BirdLife International 2015). 270 pairs at Port Said, Egypt (Habib in litt. 2014).
  • T7210 - The population has slightly increased both in the short- and the long-term.
  • S9511 - The size of the breeding population is estimated at 368,480-604,573 pairs, or 1,100,000-1,800,000 individuals after rounding in AL, AT, BA, BG, BY, CY, CZ, DK, EE, FI, FO, GE, GR, HR, HU, LT, LV, MD, ME, MK, NO, PL, RO, RS, RU, SE, SI, SK, TR, UA (BirdLife International, in prep.), EG (Habib in litt., 2014) based on data from the period of 1981-2019. The estimate for RU has increased substantially compared to BirdLife International (2015).
  • T7657 - Based on BirdLife International (in prep.), it is estimated that the breeding population has changed by -19-3% (equivalent to -29-3% in 3 generations) in AT, BA, BY, CY, CZ, EE, FI, GR, LT, LV, NO, PL, RS, SE, SI, SK, UA, AL between 2009 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from BG, DK, FO, GE, HR, HU, MD, ME, MK, RO, RU, TR, EG. It has changed by -1-4% in AT, BY, CY, CZ, EE, GR, LT, LV, NO, PL, RS, RU, SE, SI, SK, UA, AL between 1980 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from BA, BG, DK, FI, FO, GE, HR, HU, MD, ME, MK, RO, TR, EG.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on