Population information

Nom ordre Charadriiformes
Nom famille Laridae
Nom scientifique Sterna hirundo Nom courant Common Tern
Nom population hirundo, Southern & Western Europe (bre)
Aire de reproduction NE Europe, mainly countries around Baltic Aire de non-reproduction Mainly Southern Africa
Catégorie de la Liste Rouge Least Concern
Regions Ramsar Africa Europe
Notes

Réseau de conservation

Réseau de conservation Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Taille de population

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 0 0 170,000 200,000 No quality assessment [R579]
WPE 4 1990 2000 170,000 210,000 No quality assessment [S2567] [R63]
WPE 1 0 0 180,000 180,000 No quality assessment [R414]
WPE 2 0 0 180,000 180,000 No quality assessment [R414]
WPE 5 2009 2009 160,000 200,000 Expert opinion [R837] [R878]
AEWA CSR 4 2000 2000 170,000 210,000 Expert opinion
AEWA CSR 5 2009 2009 160,000 200,000 Expert opinion [R837] [R878]
AEWA CSR 6 1997 2012 169,000 208,000 Census based [S8440] [R1362] [R1361] [R1371]
AEWA CSR 7 1997 2012 170,000 220,000 Census based [S8987] [R1549] [R1371]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1980 1998 STA No quality assessment [R602]
WPE 4 1980 1998 STA No quality assessment [R602]
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R602]
AEWA CSR 4 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R602]
AEWA CSR 5 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R602]
AEWA CSR 6 2000 2012 DEC Reasonable [T6437] [R1362] [R1361]
AEWA CSR 7 2000 2012 DEC? Reasonable [T7071] [R1549]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 2002 1900
WPE 4 2006 1900
WPE 1 1994 1800
WPE 2 1997 1800
WPE 5 2012 1800
AEWA CSR 4 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 5 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 6 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 7 2018 1800

References

  • R579 - Scott, D.A. in press, 2002. Report on the Conservation Status of Migratory Waterbirds in the Agreement Area. Update Report to African Eurasian Migratory Waterbird Agreement Secretariat
  • R602 - Snow, D.W. and Perrins, C.M. (1998). The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Concise Edition. Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York. 1008 pp.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R414 - Lloyd, C., Tasker, M.L. and Partridge, K. 1991. The status of seabirds in Britain and Ireland. T. and A.D. Poyser, London, U.K. 355 pp.
  • R837 - Ledlie M and Derand GD 2010. Seabird news from Cousin. Seychelles Seabird Newsletter 6: 2-3.
  • R878 - Johannes Wahl in litt. 2008.
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1371 - Dodman, T. 2014. Status, Estimates and Trends of Waterbird Populations in Africa: AEWA-listed African populations. Wetlands International. (CSR6 African populations) URL: https://www.wetlands.org/publications/1304/
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1625 - BirdLife International (in prep) European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.

Notes

  • S2567 - 64 estimate from relevant countries 57,000-70,548 pairs (171,000-211,644 individuals).
  • S8440 - 56,377-69,199 breeding pairs in IE, UK, DE, NL, FR, CH, ES, PT, ESIC, PTAC, PTMA and IT (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). According to Dodman (2014) 100-300 pairs in NW Africa.
  • T6437 - 2000-2012: 0.9881-1.0050, 1980-2012: 1.0051-1.0076 (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Based on mid-winter counts, stable/fluctuating trend both in the long- and in the short-term (1979-2014 and 2003-2014, respectively) according to van Roomen et al. (2014).
  • S8987 - 57,232- 72,103 breeding pairs in IE, UK, DE, NL, FR, CH, ES, PT, ESIC, PTAC, PTMA and IT (BirdLife International 2015). According to Dodman (2014) 100-300 pairs in NW Africa.
  • T7071 - The short-term trend is stable with a negative tendency (0.9871-1.0013). Increase in the long-term (1.0061 - 1.0068).
  • S9512 - The size of the breeding population is estimated at 55,396-74,103 pairs, or 170,000-220,000 individuals after rounding in BE, CH, DE, ES, ESIC, FR, IE, IT, NL, PT, PTAC, PTMA, GB based on data from the period of 2006-2018.
  • T7691 - Based on BirdLife International (in prep.), it is estimated that the breeding population has changed by -10-3% in BE, CH, DE, ES, FR, IE, IT, NL, PTMA, GB between 2009 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from ESIC, PT, PTAC. It has increased by 21-47% in BE, CH, DE, ES, ESIC, FR, IE, NL, PTMA, GB between 1980 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from IT, PT, PTAC.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on