Population information

Nom ordre Charadriiformes
Nom famille Laridae
Nom scientifique Sterna paradisaea Nom courant Arctic Tern
Nom population Western Eurasia (bre)
Aire de reproduction Europe N of France, Scandinavia, Russia N of Arctic Aire de non-reproduction Antarctic Ocean
Catégorie de la Liste Rouge Least Concern
Regions Ramsar Africa Asia Europe Neotropics North America
Notes In WPE2 this population belonged to one single population (Arctic (bre)/S Oceans (win)).

Réseau de conservation

Réseau de conservation Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Taille de population

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1970 1990 1,000,000 1,000,001 No quality assessment [R69]
WPE 4 1990 2000 1,000,000 1,000,001 No quality assessment [S2594] [R63]
WPE 5 1990 2000 1,000,000 1,000,001 Best guess [R63] [R178]
AEWA CSR 4 1990 2000 1,000,000 1,000,001 Best guess [R63] [R178]
AEWA CSR 5 1990 2000 1,000,000 1,000,001 Best guess [R63] [R178]
AEWA CSR 6 1990 2012 1,000,000 1,000,001 Best guess [S8442]
AEWA CSR 7 1990 2013 2,000,000 5,000,000 Best guess [S8989] [R1549] [R1580]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 4 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
AEWA CSR 4 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
AEWA CSR 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
AEWA CSR 6 2000 2012 STA Poor [T6439]
AEWA CSR 7 2000 2012 STA? Poor [T7072]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 -1 -1 Not Set
WPE 4 -1 -1 Not Set
WPE 5 2012 20000
AEWA CSR 4 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 5 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 6 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 7 2018 31000

References

  • R69 - BirdLife International/European Bird Census Council. 2000. European bird populations: estimates and trends. Cambridge, UK. BirdLife International Conservation Series No. 10.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R178 - del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • R66 - BirdLife International Website 2002
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1580 - Canadian Wildlife Service. 2015. Status of Birds in Canada 2014. URL: https://wildlife-species.canada.ca/bird-status/com-com-eng.aspx?sY=2014&sL=e
  • R1625 - BirdLife International (in prep) European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.
  • R1628 - Kalyakin, M., Morkovin, A. Voltzit, O., Sklyarenko, S., Urazaliyev, R., Kashkarov, R., Ten, A, Rustamov, E (2020): Breeding population estimates for selected waterbirds in West Siberia and Central Asia. Unpublished reports. Wetlands International & BirdLife International, Wageningen & Cambridge (UK).

Notes

  • S2594 - 64: European breeding population 500,000-900,000 pairs (1,500,000-2,700,000 individuals). Numbers breeding in Arctic Siberia unknown. Birds wintering off South Africa almost exclusively of European origin (to White Sea (U11).
  • S8442 - European population is estimated to be 556,753-898,874 pairs, i.e. 1,600,000-2,700,000 individuals. However, this does not include part of Siberia up to the Lena delta and North-east Canada. where from no estimates are available. Therefore the class range of E (1,000,000+).
  • T6439 - 2000-2012: 0.9764-1.0221, 1980-2012: 0.9920-1.0059. Declining mainly on the southern edge of the breeding range (DE, DK, NL, UK), but also increasing in EE, IE, SE, stable or fluctuating in FI, GL, RU and SJ. Unknown in IS and LV.
  • S8989 - 564,000–906,000 pairs in Europe (BirdLife International 2015). 100,000-200,000 breeding birds in CD (Canadian Wildlife Service 2015). Similar numbers are assumed for the rest of the range in RU.
  • T7072 - Unknown status in Canada and W Siberia.
  • S9514 - The size of the breeding population is estimated at 881,536-1,453,662 pairs, or 2,600,000-4,400,000 individuals after rounding in DE, DK, EE, FI, FO, GL, IE, IS, LV, NL, NO, RU, SE, SJ, GB (BirdLife International, in prep.), West Siberia (Kalyakin et al., 2020) and CA (Canadian Wildlife Service, 2015) based on data from the period of 1986-2018.
  • T7659 - Based on BirdLife International (in prep.), it is estimated that the breeding population has increased by 19-57% in DE, EE, FI, IE, LV, NL, SE, GB between 2009 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from DK (stable), FO (declined), GL (stable), IS (large and declining population), NO (stable), RU (unknown), SJ (unknown) and West Siberia (unknown). It has increased by 15-64% in DE, DK, EE, FI, IE, LV, NL, RU, SE, GB between 1980 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from FO (unknown), GL (declined), IS (large and declined), NO (stable), SJ (unknown) and West Siberia (unknown). It might be that the decline in IS balances out the increase in the population with quantitative trend information. Therefore, the trend is assessed as increasing or stable.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on