Population information

Nom ordre Gruiformes
Nom famille Rallidae
Nom scientifique Fulica atra Nom courant Common Coot
Nom population atra, Black Sea & Mediterranean (win)
Aire de reproduction E Europe, W Asia, N Africa Aire de non-reproduction Black Sea, Mediterranean, West Africa
Catégorie de la Liste Rouge Least Concern
Regions Ramsar Africa Asia Europe
Notes

Réseau de conservation

Réseau de conservation Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Taille de population

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1967 1986 2,500,000 2,500,000 No quality assessment [R456]
WPE 2 1967 1986 2,500,000 2,500,000 No quality assessment [R456]
WPE 3 1967 1986 2,500,000 2,500,000 No quality assessment [R456]
WPE 4 1967 1986 2,500,000 2,500,000 No quality assessment [R456]
WPE 5 1967 1986 2,500,000 2,500,000 Expert opinion [R456]
AEWA CSR 4 1967 1986 2,500,000 2,500,000 Expert opinion [R456]
AEWA CSR 5 1967 1986 2,500,000 2,500,000 Expert opinion [R456]
AEWA CSR 6 0 0 2,500,000 2,500,000 Expert opinion [S8292] [R1365]
AEWA CSR 7 0 0 2,500,000 2,500,000 Expert opinion [S9004] [R1549] [R456]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1967 1986 DEC No quality assessment [R456]
WPE 2 1967 1986 DEC No quality assessment [R456]
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 4 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 5 1997 2007 INC Good [T4730] [R888]
AEWA CSR 4 0 0 Unknown No idea [T483] [R888] [R904]
AEWA CSR 5 1997 2007 INC Good [T482] [R888]
AEWA CSR 6 2003 2012 INC Reasonable [T6292] [R1362] [R1381]
AEWA CSR 7 2006 2015 STA/DEC? Reasonable [T7088] [R1548] [R1549]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 20000
WPE 2 1997 20000
WPE 3 2002 20000
WPE 4 2006 20000
WPE 5 2012 25000
AEWA CSR 4 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 5 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 6 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 7 2018 25000

References

  • R456 - Monval, J-Y. and Pirot, J-Y. 1989. Results of the IWRB International Waterfowl Census 1967-1986. IWRB Spec. Publ. No. 8. Slimbridge, UK.
  • R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
  • R904 - Wetlands International. November 2007. Unpublished population trend analysis based on the IWC database of January counts in Europe using TRIM software.
  • R1365 - Wetlands International, International Waterbird Census, unpublished data, 2014.
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1381 - Nagy, S., Flink, S., Langendoen, T. (2014) Waterbird trends 1988-2012: Results of trend analyses of data from the International Waterbird Census in the African-Eurasian Flyway. Wetlands International, Ede.
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1548 - Wetlands International (2017) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2015. Ede, The Netherlands: Wetlands International. URL: http://iwc.wetlands.org/index.php/aewatrends
  • R1625 - BirdLife International (in prep) European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.
  • R1630 - Amhaouch, Z., Qninb, A., Mesbach, H., Noaman, M. (2020). Rapport sur le statut de la population des espèces d’oiseaud’eau (indigènes et) non indigènes inscrites à l’AEWA dansla zone de l’Accord pour la période 2013-2018: Royuame du Maroc.
  • R1645 - Nadjiba, B. & Samir, S.M. (2020). Rapport sur le statut de la population des espèces d’oiseaud’eau (indigènes et) non indigènes inscrites à l’AEWA dansla zone de l’Accord pour la période 2013-2018: Algérie.
  • R1677 - Hamada, A. Mossad, H.I. (2020). Reports on the population status of AEWA-listed (native) and non-native waterbird species in the Agreement area for the period 2013-2018: Egypt.
  • R1619 - Nagy, S. & Langendoen, T. (2020) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2018. Online publication. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands. URL: http://iwc.test.wetlands.org/index.php/aewatrends8
  • R1626 - Nagy, S., Silarova, E., Škorpilová , J., Teufelbauer , N., Seaman , B., Derouaux , A., . . . Noble, D. (2020). Trends of breeding waterbird populations in Europe based on the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme data, 2020. Prague & Wageningen: Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme & Wetlands International.

Notes

  • T4730 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1987-2007: +1.8% p.a. ? Increase.
  • T483 - 914. Increasing W Mediterranean, decreasing in E Mediterranean/Black Sea.
  • T482 - 898. Trend 1987-2007: +1.8% p.a. – Increase.
  • S8292 - The current estimate of 2,500,000 individuals wintering in the region is based on (Monval & Pirot, 1989). Count totals fluctuate widely with some short-term peaks that may relate to cold weather movements and when they exceeded 1.5 million individuals, but usually they remain in the range between 500,000 and 1,000,000 individuals and with corrections for missing counts the total oscillates around 2,500,000 million birds in the long-term. A total of 511,674-725,348 individuals were reported to the Birds Directive Art. 12 reporting process wintering in AT, BG, CY, ESIC, ES, HU, FR, IT, MT, PTMA, PT, RO, SI and SK. However, an additional 390,000-1,100,000 individuals were reported from other countries during the IWC counts from 2010-2013 including 462,604-580,655 individuals reported from TR, 114,693-174,771 individuals from GR, 98,000 individuals from ME and 110,000 individuals from North Africa.
  • T6292 - The large increase in the trend based on IWC counts (Nagy et al., 2014) is consistent with the overall trend derived from data submitted to the EU Birds Directive Art. 12 reporting process from AT, BG, CY, ESIC, ES, HU, FR, IT, MT, PTMA, PT, RO, SI and SK (2000-2012: 0.34-1.53% p.a. increasing, 1980-2012: -0.32% - +0.67% p.a. stable).
  • S9004 - 545,938-862,820 pairs in AL, AM, BA, BG, BY, CY, ES, GE, GR, HR, HU, IT, MD, ME, MK, PT, PTMA, RO, RS, RU, SI, SK, TR, UA & XK. This agrees well with the estimate based on IWC data.
  • T7088 - IWC trend analysis shows stable trend both in the long- and the short-term with a negative tendency in the short one (Wetlands International 2017). BirdLife International (2015) reported decline based on breeding numbers, but the national trend was uncertain in 9 of the 25 countries and dominated by a 40-60% decline reported from RU.
  • S9304 - The size of the breeding population is estimated at 576,197-935,513 pairs, or 1,700,000-2,800,000 individuals after rounding in AT, AL, BA, BG, BY, CY, ES, ESIC, GE, GR, HR, HU, IT, MD, ME, MK, PT, PTMA, RO, RS, RU, SI, SK, TR, UA, XK (BirdLife International, in prep.) and MA (Amhaouch et al., 2020), but not including all the range states from the southern and eastern Mediterranean. The size of the wintering population is estimated at 1,500,000-2,200,000 individuals in AL, BA, BG, CY, ES, FR, GE, GR, HR, IT, MD, ME, MK, MT, PT, RO, RS, SI, SK, TR, UA, XK, HU (BirdLife International, in prep), DZ (Nadjiba & Samir, 2020), EG (Hamada & Mossad, 2020) and MA (Amhaouch et al., 2020), but it does not include TN, LY, IL, JO, LB, SY and PS. The highest annual IWC count total between 2014–2018 was 1,798,420 individuals (Nagy & Langendoen, 2020).
  • T7393 - It is estimated that the breeding population has decreased by 24-41% (equivalent to 39-62% in 3 generations) in AT, BA, BG, BY, CY, ES, ESIC, GR, PTMA, RS, RU, AL between 2009 and 2018 (BirdLife International, in prep). No quantitative trend information is available from GE, HR, HU, IT, MD, ME, MK, PT, RO, SI, SK, TR, UA, XK, MA. Based on the same source, it is estimated that the breeding population has decreased by 32-49% in AT, BY, ES, ESIC, GR, HU, IT, PTMA, RS, RU, AL between 1980 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from BA, BG, CY, GE, HR, MD, ME, MK, PT, RO, SI, SK, TR, UA, XK, MA. It is estimated that the wintering population has changed by -9-5% in BG, CY, ES, FR, GR, HU, IT, MT, PT, RO, RS, SI, SK, AL (BirdLife International, in prep) and MA (Amhaouch et al., 2020) between 2009 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from BA, GE, HR, MD, ME, MK, TR, UA, XK, DZ, EG. Based on BirdLife International (in prep.), it is estimated that the wintering population has increased by 13-26% in BG, CY, ES, FR, GE, HU, MT, RO, RS, SI, AL between 1980 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from BA, GR, HR, IT, MD, ME, MK, PT, SK, TR, UA, XK, DZ, EG, MA. Based on breeding bird data from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme from PT and AT, Nagy et al. (2020) reported declines for each periods of 1998-2017: 0.9571, 2005-2017: 0.9470, 2008-2017: 0.9446. Based on the PECBMS data, this population has declined by 16-67% over 3 generations. However, the trend might be not representative for the whole population. Based on IWC data from 27 countries, Nagy & Langendoen (2020) reported a stable trend (1.0049) for 1987-2018, an uncertain trend for 2002-2018 (0.975) and a decrease ( 0.9736) for 2009-2018. Based on the smoothed imputed totals, the population has decreased by 26% (n.s.) in 16 years, i.e. in 3 generations. Based on the growth rate of the last 10 years, the population is projected to decrease by 35% in 3 generations compared to the population levels in 2009.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on